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The following content is considered nonlegal and nonbinding OPINION only, and does not legally assume any entity is responsible for the accuracy of any facts that may seem to be presented by any entity. Rather this is meant to be a starting point of research into the facts or truth. The standard of the reasonable person should be assumed with regard to any possible research into the facts or truth!

Performance review, Statistics, Analysis, Skeptics, and bias

People are more vulnerable to bias when engaged in the difficult task; good mood; not depressed; when they are nearly an expert; when they believe in quick judgments; when they feel powerful! They are more biased during events with a high U index (negative emotional events, such as commuting, child care, housework, is higher on weekdays)!

N0N-INTUITIVE BIAS can be reduced by frowning and slowing down thought processes; (examples are: conjunction fallacy, regression to the means; mood, narrative, framing, comparison, risk policies, patterns, losses, endowment, prospect, Bernoulli's errors; optimism; outside view; expert intuition; judges vs. formulas; illusory skill; hindsight; causes and statistics; less is more; representativeness; availability cascades; availability; substitution and heuristics normal and causes; cognitive ease; priming; control)!

The public tends to be biased towards strong chin and confident smiles for politicians and other leaders.


Bias or usually favored are often of a certain type by many organizations and tend to dominate and/or control situations even when there is a great amount of evidence against them.

The most favored tend to be tall, medium built, white, males that are educated, from larger public schools, and from the Midwest, larger families, middle class, and somewhat religious by politicians, business, academia, often with good speaking and communication skills.

The media tends to be biased towards, or favor blondes, especially females, and tend to like them curvy.

There tends to be a bias towards uncomplicated clothes, and nonbusy prints.

Classic design tends to be favored.

Neutrals often considered classic colors tend to be favored by business and even for house and vehicle colors.

Red is often avoided in design in Western countries, but sometimes is used as a sports car color.

Red shoes can be favored with red, white and blue as a patriotic theme in clothes for females.

There often is some pro-military bias in certain occupations, such as police and emergency service work, or political positions.

The can be a favored bias towards health and education experience in government positions.

There can be a bias towards females and so-called minorities when it comes to obtaining disability benefits.

Males tend to received better medical care.

Males can be favored to lead a management team.

Females may be encouraged to go into the creative fields.

Rubber faced or openly emotional persons tend to be encouraged to go into mass communications, often nonbusiness, or the entertainment industry.

Women are rarely considered to be needed to be incarcerated except for certain thefts or violence, usually only if it is directed toward the larger community for luxury situations and items.

There is often a bias towards allowing certain professionals, often who are compensated by the government, to be allowed to steal from the government without prosecution, especially in the health care field.

Corruption is often tolerated by the general public of many government employees, especially in the health, education and welfare fields, and they even seek donations and public support, disrupt traffic and other functions to get extra funds.

Persons with a regular schedule or routine tend to be trusted or favored.

Church going persons or those who seem to selflessly involve themselves in charity or community events tend to get more respect in a community.

Appearing to conform to the norms of any community tends to bring favor and/or a pro bias towards that individual.

Family men and/or women, or supporting family values, tends to get community respect.

Persons who are secretive tend to get support if they seem to be working for the government.

Too big to fail, often it isnít what they know, but what they think they know, but do not know that gets them into trouble, which is usually due to fragmented thinking, or unintergrated products or systems, or unnatural processes or procedures, often which is LARGE SCALE TECHNOLOGY THAT IS DEPENDENT ON MASSIVE INFRASTRUCTURE THAT IS VULNERABLE TO TERRORISM.

Uses cash, not credit, which is often an indication of kickbacks or illegal earnings or activities.

White collar, upperwardly mobile, and/or geek, DOES THE EXPEDIENT THING--FAST, CHEAP, OUT-OF-CONTROL--rather than the right thing.

Politically dominant, who they know instead of what they know.

Regionally dominant, it isn't where they are but how they got there.

Bias or usually favored are often of a certain type by many organizations and tend to dominate and/or control situations even when there is a great amount of evidence against them.

Lack of Criminal record.

Well groomed, well spoken, well mannered, well breed, and well thought of, well off, well published, well informed, well examined life, well provided for, well protected, well insured, well organized, and/or well financed.

Attribution bias occurs when people attribute successful outcomes to their own skill.

Bias blind spot ó the tendency not to compensate for one's own Cognitive bias is distortion in the way we perceive reality

Hindsight bias is viewing things, which have already happened as being relatively inevitable and predictable.

Motivational bias includes: a) influencing a decision to go a certain way; b) misperceiving an evaluation based on the outcome and tending to be conservative in estimates; c) suppressing uncertainty to appear knowledgeable or authoritative; and d) not wanting to appear to contradict oneself due to prior contradicting opinions.

Self-serving bias is taking credit for success (self-enhancing bias) and denying responsibility for failure (self-protective bias).

The endowment effect is placing a higher value on objects they own than objects that they do not.

The framing effect is presenting the same option in different formats to alter people's decisions.

The aversion effect is not giving up an object because there is greater utility associated with acquiring it or is similar to sticking with the status quo, or omission bias and status quo bias are well-described cognitive biases that can cause lay decision makers to prefer inaction that preserves the status quo.

The anchoring fallacy is when an initial value is set there is a tendency to stick to that value, which is similar to the sunk-cost fallacy.

The availability fallacy having Judgments and decisions influenced by information known to us that may be irrelevant, or untrustworthy.

The representative fallacy generalizing about a population, future event, behavior based upon a sample which is too small to be representative.

sunk-cost fallacy are unrecoverable costs, which are often irrationally continued to be invested in.

Inattentional blindness, also known as perceptual blindness, is the phenomenon of not being able to see the most conspicuous things that exist unless we pay close attention to events.

Self-justification is when Cognitive dissonance- an uncomfortable feeling caused by holding two contradictory ideas simultaneously- causes the justification for a negative behavior by either: (1) reducing the importance of the dissonant beliefs, (2) adding more consonant beliefs that outweigh the dissonant beliefs, or (3) changing the dissonant beliefs so that they are no longer inconsistent.

Self-attribution bias occurs when people attribute successful outcomes to their own skill.

Cognitive dissonance is an uncomfortable feeling caused by holding two contradictory ideas simultaneously, which usually causes a negative behavior.

Mental Accounting relates to: dividend income v. capital gains; paying cash v. using credit; earned income v. gift income; context of the expense; and fear loss v. hope for gain.

Introspection illusion, placing more weight on introspective evidence or wishful thinking rather than real evidence, which can resemble a blind spot.

The law of small numbers is the tendency to rely on inadequate data to extrapolate, estimate, or guess an outcome that seems to be supported by the data.

conservatism bias is a reluctance to change estimates and practices that are erroneous or counterproductive.

Extraordinarity bias is the tendency to value an object because its extreme nature, which may not make it more valuable - The opposite of Extreme aversion, which is the tendency to avoid extremes or to not believe they drive processes.

hyperbolic discount is when immediate and concrete concerns outweigh the distant and abstract costs.

Impact Bias occurs where we over-estimate the length of impact of an event.

The exposure effect propose that repeated exposure to a stimulus increases the positive affect or reduces the negative affect.

outcome bias is false believing outcomes are the result of a behavior.

The zero-risk bias is the tendency to prefer slight risk or no risk while accepting a huge exposure elsewhere.

Attentional bias is a form of cognitive bias in which a person does not examine all possible outcomes when making a judgment about a correlation or association.

Capability Bias it the tendency to believe that the closer average performance is to a target, the tighter the distribution of the data set.

Ingroup bias is simply the tendency to favor one's own group.

Projection bias is the tendency to assume that others share their own assets.

Trait ascription bias is believing that we are more unpredictable than others.

Egocentric bias is when people claim excessive credit for their behaviors or a group.

Bias is normal and difficult to eliminate, and even with laws to prevent it, institutions have difficulty removing bias and generally certain classes of person earn much less than others for the same work. Bias can be cultural, racial, religious, educational, ethnic, gender, political, corporate, geographical, media, advertising, sociological, entertainment, personal, extremism or sensational, and scientific!

Bias is common and some persons rarely get the respect they deserve.